Search Results: "intrigeri"

10 September 2017

intrigeri: Can you reproduce this Tails ISO image?

Thanks to a Mozilla Open Source Software award, we have been working on making the Tails ISO images build reproducibly. We have made huge progress: since a few months, ISO images built by Tails core developers and our CI system have always been identical. But we're not done yet and we need your help! Our first call for testing build reproducibility in August uncovered a number of remaining issues. We think that we have fixed them all since, and we now want to find out what other problems may prevent you from building our ISO image reproducibly. Please try to build an ISO image today, and tell us whether it matches ours! Build an ISO These instructions have been tested on Debian Stretch and testing/sid. If you're using another distribution, you may need to adjust them. If you get stuck at some point in the process, see our more detailed build documentation and don't hesitate to contact us: Setup the build environment You need a system that supports KVM, 1 GiB of free memory, and about 20 GiB of disk space.
  1. Install the build dependencies:
    sudo apt install \
        git \
        rake \
        libvirt-daemon-system \
        dnsmasq-base \
        ebtables \
        qemu-system-x86 \
        qemu-utils \
        vagrant \
        vagrant-libvirt \
        vmdebootstrap && \
    sudo systemctl restart libvirtd
    
  2. Ensure your user is in the relevant groups:
    for group in kvm libvirt libvirt-qemu ; do
       sudo adduser "$(whoami)" "$group"
    done
    
  3. Logout and log back in to apply the new group memberships.
Build Tails 3.2~alpha2 This should produce a Tails ISO image:
git clone https://git-tails.immerda.ch/tails && \
cd tails && \
git checkout 3.2-alpha2 && \
git submodule update --init && \
rake build
Send us feedback! No matter how your build attempt turned out we are interested in your feedback. Gather system information To gather the information we need about your system, run the following commands in the terminal where you've run rake build:
sudo apt install apt-show-versions && \
(
  for f in /etc/issue /proc/cpuinfo
  do
    echo "--- File: $ f  ---"
    cat "$ f "
    echo
  done
  for c in free locale env 'uname -a' '/usr/sbin/libvirtd --version' \
            'qemu-system-x86_64 --version' 'vagrant --version'
  do
    echo "--- Command: $ c  ---"
    eval "$ c "
    echo
  done
  echo '--- APT package versions ---'
  apt-show-versions qemu:amd64 linux-image-amd64:amd64 vagrant \
                    libvirt0:amd64
)   bzip2 > system-info.txt.bz2
Then check that the generated file doesn't contain any sensitive information you do not want to leak:
bzless system-info.txt.bz2
Next, please follow the instructions below that match your situation! If the build failed Sorry about that. Please help us fix it by opening a ticket: If the build succeeded Compute the SHA-512 checksum of the resulting ISO image:
sha512sum tails-amd64-3.2~alpha2.iso
Compare your checksum with ours:
9b4e9e7ee7b2ab6a3fb959d4e4a2db346ae322f9db5409be4d5460156fa1101c23d834a1886c0ce6bef2ed6fe378a7e76f03394c7f651cc4c9a44ba608dda0bc
If the checksums match: success, congrats for reproducing Tails 3.2~alpha2! Please send an email to tails-dev@boum.org (public) or tails@boum.org (private) with the subject "Reproduction of Tails 3.2~alpha2 successful" and system-info.txt.bz2 attached. Thanks in advance! Then you can stop reading here. Else, if the checksums differ: too bad, but really it's good news as the whole point of the exercise is precisely to identify such problems :) Now you are in a great position to help improve the reproducibility of Tails ISO images by following these instructions:
  1. Install diffoscope version 83 or higher and all the packages it recommends. For example, if you're using Debian Stretch:
    sudo apt remove diffoscope && \
    echo 'deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian stretch-backports main' \
        sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/stretch-backports.list && \
    sudo apt update && \
    sudo apt -o APT::Install-Recommends="true" \
             install diffoscope/stretch-backports
    
  2. Download the official Tails 3.2~alpha2 ISO image.
  3. Compare the official Tails 3.2~alpha2 ISO image with yours:
    diffoscope \
           --text diffoscope.txt \
           --html diffoscope.html \
           --max-report-size 262144000 \
           --max-diff-block-lines 10000 \
           --max-diff-input-lines 10000000 \
           path/to/official/tails-amd64-3.2~alpha2.iso \
           path/to/your/own/tails-amd64-3.2~alpha2.iso
    bzip2 diffoscope. txt,html 
    
  4. Send an email to tails-dev@boum.org (public) or tails@boum.org (private) with the subject "Reproduction of Tails 3.2~alpha2 failed", attaching:
    • system-info.txt.bz2;
    • the smallest file among diffoscope.txt.bz2 and diffoscope.html.bz2, except if they are larger than 100 KiB, in which case better upload the file somewhere (e.g. share.riseup.net and share the link in your email.
Thanks a lot! Credits Thanks to Ulrike & anonym who authored a draft on which this blog post is based.

15 May 2017

intrigeri: GNOME and Debian usability testing, May 2017

During the Contribute your skills to Debian event that took place in Paris last week-end, we conducted a usability testing session. Six people were tasked with testing a few aspects of the GNOME 3.22 desktop environment and of the Debian 9 (Stretch) operating system. A number of other people observed them and took notes. Then, two observers and three testers analyzed the results, that we are hereby presenting: we created a heat map visualization, summed up the challenges met during the tests, and wrote this blog post together. We will point the relevant upstream projects to our results. A couple of other people also did some usability testing but went in much more depth: their feedback is much more detailed and comes with a number of improvement ideas. I will process and publish their results as soon as possible. Missions Testers were provided a laptop running GNOME on a a Debian 9 (Stretch) Live system. A quick introduction (mostly copied from the one we found in some GNOME usability testing reports) was read. Then they were asked to complete the following tasks. A. Nautilus Mission A.1 Download and rename file in Nautilus
  1. Download a file from the web, a PDF document for example.
  2. Open the folder in which the file has been downloaded.
  3. Rename the dowloaded file to SUCCESS.pdf.
  4. Toggle the browser window to full screen.
  5. Open the file SUCCESS.pdf.
  6. Go back to the File manager.
  7. Close the file SUCCESS.pdf.
Mission A.2 Manipulate folders in Nautilus
  1. Create a new folder named cats in your user directory.
  2. Create a new folder named to do in your user directory.
  3. Move the cats folder to the to do folder.
  4. Delete the cats folder.
Mission A.3 Create a bookmark in Nautilus
  1. Create a folder named unicorns in your personal directory.
  2. This folder is important. Add a bookmark for unicorns in order to find it again in a few weeks.
Mission A.4 Nautilus display settings Folders and files are usually listed as icons, but they can also be displayed differently.
  1. Configure the File manager to make it show items as a list, with one file per line.
  2. You forgot your glasses and the font size is too small for you to see the text: increase the size of the text.
B. Package management Introduction On Debian, each application is available as a "package" which contains every file needed for the software to work. Unlike in other operating systems, it is rarely necessary and almost never a good idea, to download and install software from the authors website. We can rather install it from an online library managed by Debian (like an appstore). This alternative offers several advantages, such as being able to update all the software installed in one single action. Specific tools are available to install and update Debian packages. Mission B.1 Install and remove packages
  1. Install the vlc package.
  2. Start VLC.
  3. Remove the vlc package.
Mission B.2 Search and install a package
  1. Find a piece of software which can download files with BitTorrent in a graphical interface.
  2. Install the corresponding package.
  3. Launch that BitTorrent software.
Mission B.3 Upgrade the system Make sure the whole system (meaning all installed packages) is up to date. C. Settings Mission C.1 Change the desktop background
  1. Download an image you like from the web.
  2. Set the downloaded image as the desktop wallpaper.
Mission C.2 Tweak temporary files management Configure the system so that temporary files older than three days are deleted automatically. Mission C.3 Change the default video player
  1. Install VLC (ask for help if you could not do it during the previous mission).
  2. Make VLC the default video player.
  3. Download a video file from the web.
  4. Open the downloaded video, then check if it opens with VLC.
Mission C.4 Add and remove world clocks When you click the time and date in the top bar, a menu pops-up. There, you can display clocks in several time-zones.
  1. Add a clock with Rio de Janeiro timezone, then another showing the current time in Boston.
  2. Check that the time and date menu now displays these two additional clocks.
  3. Remove the Boston clock.
Results and analysis Heat map We used Jim Hall's heat map technique to summarize our usability test results. As Renata puts it, it is "a great way to see how the users performed on each task. The heat map clarifies how easy or difficult it was for the participant to accomplish a certain task.
  1. Scenario tasks (from the usability test) are arranged in rows.
  2. Test participants (for each tester) are arranged in columns.
  3. The colored blocks represent each tester s difficulty with each scenario task.
Green blocks represent the ability of the participant to accomplish the tasks with little or no difficulty. Yellow blocks indicate the tasks that the tester had significant difficulties accomplishing. Red blocks indicate that testers experienced extreme difficulty or where testers completed the tasks incorrectly. Black blocks indicate tasks the tester was unable to complete." Alternatively, here is the spreadsheet that was used to create this picture, with added text to avoid relying on colors only. Most tasks were accomplished with little or no difficulty so we will now focus on the problematic parts. What were the challenges? The heat map shows several "hot" rows, that we will now be looking at in more details. Mission A.3 Create a bookmark in Nautilus Most testers right-clicked the folder first, and eventually found they could simply drag'n'drop to the bookmarks location in the sidebar. One tester thought that he could select a folder, click the hamburger icon, and from there use the "Bookmark this folder" menu item. However, this menu action only works on the folder one has entered, not on the selected one. Mission B.1 Install and remove a package Here we faced a number of issues caused by the fact that Debian Live images don't include package indices (with good reason), so no package manager can list available software. Everyone managed to start a graphical package manager via the Overview (or via the CLI or Alt-F2 for a couple power users). Some testers tried to use GNOME Software, which listed only already installed packages (Debian bug #862560) and provided no way we could find to refresh the package indices. That's arguably a bug in Debian Live, but still: GNOME Software might display some useful information when it detects this unusual situation. We won't list here all the obstacles that were met in Synaptic: it's no news its usability is rather sub-optimal and better alternatives (such as GNOME Software) are in the works. Mission C.2 Tweak temporary files management The mission was poorly phrased: some observers had to clarify that it was specifically about GNOME, and not generic Linux system administration: some power-users were already searching the web for command-line tools to address the task at hand. Even with this clarification, no tester would have succeeded without being told they were allowed to use the web with a search query including the word "GNOME", or use the GNOME help or the Overview. Yet eventually all testers succeeded. It's interesting to note that regular GNOME users had the same problem as others: they did not try searching "temporary" in the Overview and did not look-up the GNOME Help until they were suggested to do so. Mission C.3 Change the default video player One tester configured one single video file format to be opened by default with VLC, via right-click in Nautilus Open with etc. He believed this would be enough to make VLC the default video player, missing the subtle difference between "default video player" and "default player for one single video format". One tester tried to complete this task inside VLC itself and then needed some help to succeed. It might be that the way web browsers ask "Do you want ThisBrowser to become the default web browser?" gave a hint an application GUI is the right place to do it. Two testers searched "default" in the Overview (perhaps the previous mission dealing with temporary files was enough to put them in this direction). At least one tester was confused since the only search result (Details View information about your system), which is the correct one to get there, includes the word View, which suggests that one cannot modify settings there, but only view them. One long-term GNOME user looked in Tweak Tool first, and then used the Overview. Here again, GNOME users experienced essentially the same issues as others. Mission C.4 Add and remove world clocks One tester tried to look for the clock on the top right corner of the screen, then realized it was in the middle. Other than this, all testers easily found a way to add world clocks. However, removing a world clock was rather difficult; although most testers managed to do it, it took them a number of attempts to succeed:
  1. Several testers left-clicked or right-clicked the clock they wanted to remove, expecting this would provide them with a way to remove it (which is not the case).
  2. After a while, all testers noticed the Select button (that has no text label nor tooltip info), which allowed them to select the clock they wanted to remove; then, most testers clicked the 1 selected button, hoping it would provide a contextual menu or some other way to act on the selected clocks (it doesn't).
  3. Eventually, everyone managed to locate the Delete button on the bottom right corner of the window; some testers mentioned that it is less visible and flashy than the blue bar that appears on the top of the screen once they had entered "Selection" mode.
General notes and observations

04 March 2017

intrigeri: Contribute your skills to Debian in Paris, May 13-14 2017

(There is a French translation of this announcement.) Join us in Paris, on May 13-14 2017, and we will find a way in which you can help Debian with your current set of skills! You might even learn one or two things in passing (but you don't have to). Debian is a free operating system for your computer. An operating system is the set of basic programs and utilities that make your computer run. Debian comes with dozens of thousands of packages, precompiled software bundled up for easy installation on your machine. A number of other operating systems, such as Ubuntu and Tails, are based on Debian. The upcoming version of Debian, called Stretch, will be released later this year. We need you to help us make it awesome :) Whether you're a computer user, a graphics designer, or a bug triager, there are many ways you can contribute to this effort. We also welcome experience in consensus decision-making, anti-harassment teams, and package maintenance. No effort is too small and whatever you bring to this community will be appreciated. Here's what we will be doing: Goals and principles Before diving into the exact content of this event, a few words from the organization team. This is a work in progress, and a statement of intent. Not everything is organized and confirmed yet. We want to bring together a heterogeneous group of people. This goal will guide our handling of sponsorship requests, and will help us make decisions if more people want to attend than we can welcome properly. In other words: if you're part of a group that is currently under-represented in computer communities, we would like you to be able to attend. We are committed to providing a friendly, safe and welcoming environment for all, regardless of level of experience, gender, gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, disability, personal appearance, body size, race, ethnicity, age, religion, nationality, or other similar personal characteristic. Attending this event requires reading and respecting our Code of Conduct, that sets the standards in terms of behaviour for the whole event, including communication (public and private) before, while and after. There will be a team ready to act if you feel you have been or are being harassed or made uncomfortable by an attendee. We believe that money should not be a blocker for contributing to Debian. We will sponsor travel and find a place to sleep for as many enthusiastic attendees as possible. The space where this event will take place is accessible to wheelchairs. We are trying to organize a translation into (probably French) sign language. Vegan food should be provided for lunch. If you have any specific needs regarding food, please let us know when registering, and we will do our best. What we will be doing There will be a number of stations, i.e. physical space dedicated to people with a given set of skills, hosted by someone who is ready to make this space welcoming and productive. A few stations are already organized, and are described below. If you want to host a station yourself, or would like us to organize another one, please let us know. For example, you may want to assess the state of Debian Stretch for a specific field of interest, be it audio editing, office work, network auditing or whatever you are doing with Debian :) Test the upcoming version of Debian We will test Debian Stretch and gather feedback. We are particularly interested in: Experienced Debian contributors will be ready to relay this feedback to the relevant teams so it is put to good use. Hypra collaborators will be there to bring a focus on universal access technologies. Design and graphics Truth be told, Debian lacks people who are good at design and graphics. There are definitely a good number of low-hanging fruits that can be tackled in a week-end, either in Debian per-se, or in upstream) projects, or in Debian derivatives. This station will be hosted by Juliette Belin. She designed the themes for the last two versions of Debian. Triage Release Critical bugs Bugs flagged as Release Critical are blocking the release of the upcoming version of Debian. To fix them, it helps to make sure the bug report documents the up-to-date status of the bug, and of its resolution. One does not need to be a programmer to do this work! For example, you can try and reproduce bugs in software you use... or in software you will discover. This helps package maintainers better focus their work. This station will be hosted by Solveig. She has experience in bug triaging, in Debian and elsewhere. Cyril Brulebois, a long-time Debian developer, will provide support and advice upon request. Fix Release Critical bugs There will be a Bug Squashing Party. Where? When? How to register? See https://wiki.debian.org/BSP/2017/05/fr/Paris for the exact address and time. Please register by the end of March if you want to attend this event! If you have any questions, please get in touch with us.

02 February 2017

intrigeri: First Tails beta release based on Stretch

Today, I have released the first beta for Tails 3.0, that will be the first version of Tails based on Debian 9 (Stretch). Our automated test suite pretends it works pretty well and matches our safety expectations. I'm inclined to trust it. But as we learned after porting Tails to Squeeze, Wheezy and Jessie: quick, exploratory testing of pre-releases will not identify all the remaining regressions. So this time I'm trying to change this narrative a bit. I have committed to provide security updates for the 3.0~ series, just like we do for stable versions of Tails. This was the only missing bit to make me feel comfortable asking my fellow Tails contributors to upgrade to Tails 3.0~beta1 for their daily usage. I hope this helps us release a great Tails 3.0 on June 13 and a better Debian Stretch too: the more early users of Tails based on Stretch, the more chances they identify a few annoying regressions in Stretch before it's called stable :) For details, see the official announcement. Next step: FOSDEM. And then, back to organizing an event that aims at improving both social and technical aspects of Debian (to be announced in about a week, stay tuned); because the way we get organized and how power is distributed matter.

22 January 2017

intrigeri: My first (public) blog ever

Hi there! Welcome to the first (public) blog I've ever had.

28 July 2016

Michael Prokop: systemd backport of v230 available for Debian/jessie

At DebConf 16 I was working on a systemd backport for Debian/jessie. Results are officially available via the Debian archive now. In Debian jessie we have systemd v215 (which originally dates back to 2014-07-03 upstream-wise, plus changes + fixes from pkg-systemd folks of course). Now via Debian backports you have the option to update systemd to a very recent version: v230. If you have jessie-backports enabled it s just an apt install systemd -t jessie-backports away. For the upstream changes between v215 and v230 see upstream s NEWS file for list of changes. (Actually the systemd backport is available since 2016-07-19 for amd64, arm64 + armhf, though for mips, mipsel, powerpc, ppc64el + s390x we had to fight against GCC ICEs when compiling on/for Debian/jessie and for i386 architecture the systemd test-suite identified broken O_TMPFILE permission handling.) Thanks to the Alexander Wirt from the backports team for accepting my backport, thanks to intrigeri for the related apparmor backport, Guus Sliepen for the related ifupdown backport and Didier Raboud for the related usb-modeswitch/usb-modeswitch-data backports. Thanks to everyone testing my systemd backport and reporting feedback. Thanks a lot to Felipe Sateler and Martin Pitt for reviews, feedback and cooperation. And special thanks to Michael Biebl for all his feedback, reviews and help with the systemd backport from its very beginnings until the latest upload. PS: I cannot stress this enough how fantastic Debian s pkg-systemd team is. Responsive, friendly, helpful, dedicated and skilled folks, thanks folks!

15 June 2016

Reproducible builds folks: Reproducible builds: week 59 in Stretch cycle

What happened in the Reproducible Builds effort between June 5th and June 11th 2016: Media coverage Ed Maste gave a talk at BSDCan 2016 on reproducible builds (slides, video). GSoC and Outreachy updates Weekly reports by our participants: Documentation update - Ximin Luo proposed a modification to our SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH spec explaining FORCE_SOURCE_DATE. Some upstream build tools (e.g. TeX, see below) have expressed a desire to control which cases of embedded timestamps should obey SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH. They were not convinced by our arguments on why this is a bad idea, so we agreed on an environment variable FORCE_SOURCE_DATE for them to implement their desired behaviour - named generically, so that at least we can set it centrally. For more details, see the text just linked. However, we strongly urge most build tools not to use this, and instead obey SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH unconditionally in all cases. Toolchain fixes Packages fixed The following 16 packages have become reproducible due to changes in their build-dependencies: apertium-dan-nor apertium-swe-nor asterisk-prompt-fr-armelle blktrace canl-c code-saturne coinor-symphony dsc-statistics frobby libphp-jpgraph paje.app proxycheck pybit spip tircd xbs The following 5 packages are new in Debian and appear to be reproducible so far: golang-github-bowery-prompt golang-github-pkg-errors golang-gopkg-dancannon-gorethink.v2 libtask-kensho-perl sspace The following packages had older versions which were reproducible, and their latest versions are now reproducible again after being fixed: The following packages have become reproducible after being fixed: Some uploads have fixed some reproducibility issues, but not all of them: Patches submitted that have not made their way to the archive yet: Package reviews 68 reviews have been added, 19 have been updated and 28 have been removed in this week. New and updated issues: 26 FTBFS bugs have been reported by Chris Lamb, 1 by Santiago Vila and 1 by Sascha Steinbiss. diffoscope development strip-nondeterminism development disorderfs development tests.reproducible-builds.org Misc. Steven Chamberlain submitted a patch to FreeBSD's makefs to allow reproducible builds of the kfreebsd installer. Ed Maste committed a patch to FreeBSD's binutils to enable determinstic archives by default in GNU ar. Helmut Grohne experimented with cross+native reproductions of dash with some success, using rebootstrap. This week's edition was written by Ximin Luo, Chris Lamb, Holger Levsen, Mattia Rizzolo and reviewed by a bunch of Reproducible builds folks on IRC.

08 June 2016

Reproducible builds folks: Reproducible builds: week 58 in Stretch cycle

What happened in the Reproducible Builds effort between May 29th and June 4th 2016: Media coverage Ed Maste will present Reproducible Builds in FreeBSD at BDSCan 2016 in Ottawa, Canada on June 11th. GSoC and Outreachy updates Toolchain fixes Other upstream fixes Packages fixed The following 53 packages have become reproducible due to changes in their build-dependencies: angband blktrace code-saturne coinor-symphony device-tree-compiler mpich rtslib ruby-bcrypt ruby-bson-ext ruby-byebug ruby-cairo ruby-charlock-holmes ruby-curb ruby-dataobjects-sqlite3 ruby-escape-utils ruby-ferret ruby-ffi ruby-fusefs ruby-github-markdown ruby-god ruby-gsl ruby-hdfeos5 ruby-hiredis ruby-hitimes ruby-hpricot ruby-kgio ruby-lapack ruby-ldap ruby-libvirt ruby-libxml ruby-msgpack ruby-ncurses ruby-nfc ruby-nio4r ruby-nokogiri ruby-odbc ruby-oj ruby-ox ruby-raindrops ruby-rdiscount ruby-redcarpet ruby-redcloth ruby-rinku ruby-rjb ruby-rmagick ruby-rugged ruby-sdl ruby-serialport ruby-sqlite3 ruby-unicode ruby-yajl ruby-zoom thin The following packages have become reproducible after being fixed: Some uploads have addressed some reproducibility issues, but not all of them: Uploads with an unknown result because they fail to build: Patches submitted that have not made their way to the archive yet: Package reviews 45 reviews have been added, 25 have been updated and 25 have been removed in this week. 12 FTBFS bugs have been reported by Chris Lamb and Niko Tyni. diffoscope development strip-nondeterminism development Mattia uploaded strip-nondeterminism 0.018-1 which improved support for *.epub files. tests.reproducible-builds.org Misc. Last week we also learned about progress of reproducible builds in FreeBSD. Ed Maste announced a change to record the build timestamp during ports building, which is required for later reproduction. This week's edition was written by Reiner Herrman, Holger Levsen and Chris Lamb and reviewed by a bunch of Reproducible builds folks on IRC.

02 May 2016

Reproducible builds folks: Reproducible builds: week 53 in Stretch cycle

What happened in the Reproducible Builds effort between April 24th and 30th 2016. Media coverage Reproducible builds were mentioned explicitly in two talks at the Mini-DebConf in Vienna: Aspiration together with the OTF CommunityLab released their report about the Reproducible Builds summit in December 2015 in Athens. Toolchain fixes Now that the GCC development window has been opened again, the SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH patch by Dhole and Matthias Klose to address the issue timestamps_from_cpp_macros (__DATE__ / __TIME__) has been applied upstream and will be released with GCC 7. Following that Matthias Klose also has uploaded gcc-5/5.3.1-17 and gcc-6/6.1.1-1 to unstable with a backport of that SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH patch. Emmanuel Bourg uploaded maven/3.3.9-4, which uses SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH for the maven.build.timestamp. (SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH specification) Other upstream changes Alexis Bienven e submitted a patch to Sphinx which extends SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH support for copyright years in generated documentation. Packages fixed The following 12 packages have become reproducible due to changes in their build dependencies: hhvm jcsp libfann libflexdock-java libjcommon-java libswingx1-java mobile-atlas-creator not-yet-commons-ssl plexus-utils squareness svnclientadapter The following packages have became reproducible after being fixed: Some uploads have fixed some reproducibility issues, but not all of them: Patches submitted that have not made their way to the archive yet: Package reviews 95 reviews have been added, 15 have been updated and 129 have been removed in this week. 22 FTBFS bugs have been reported by Chris Lamb and Martin Michlmayr. diffoscope development strip-nondeterminism development tests.reproducible-builds.org Misc. Amongst the 29 interns who will work on Debian through GSoC and Outreachy there are four who will be contributing to Reproducible Builds for Debian and Free Software. We are very glad to welcome ceridwen, Satyam Zode, Scarlett Clark and Valerie Young and look forward to working together with them the coming months (and maybe beyond)! This week's edition was written by Reiner Herrmann and Holger Levsen and reviewed by a bunch of Reproducible builds folks on IRC.

21 September 2015

Lunar: Reproducible builds: week 21 in Stretch cycle

If you see someone on the Debian ReproducibleBuilds project, buy him/her a beer. This work is awesome. What happened in the reproducible builds effort this week: Media coverage Nathan Willis covered our DebConf15 status update in Linux Weekly News. Access to non-LWN subscribers will be given on Thursday 24th. Linux Journal published a more general piece last Tuesday. Unexpected praise for reproducible builds appeared this week in the form of several iOS applications identified as including spyware. The malware was undetected by Apple screening. This actually happened because application developers had simply downloaded a trojaned version of XCode through an unofficial source. While reproducible builds can't really help users of non-free software, this is exactly the kind of attacks that we are trying to prevent in our systems. Toolchain fixes Niko Tyni wrote and uploaded a better patch for the source order problem in libmodule-build-perl. Tristan Seligmann identified how the code generated by python-cffi could be emitted in random order in some cases. Upstream has already fixed the problem. Packages fixed The following 24 packages became reproducible due to changes in their build dependencies: apache-curator, checkbox-ng, gant, gnome-clocks, hawtjni, jackrabbit, jersey1, libjsr305-java, mathjax-docs, mlpy, moap, octave-geometry, paste, pdf.js, pyinotify, pytango, python-asyncssh, python-mock, python-openid, python-repoze.who, shadow, swift, tcpwatch-httpproxy, transfig. The following packages became reproducible after getting fixed: Some uploads fixed some reproducibility issues but not all of them: Patches submitted which have not made their way to the archive yet: reproducible.debian.net Tests for Coreboot, OpenWrt, NetBSD, and FreeBSD now runs weekly (instead of monthly). diffoscope development Python 3 offers new features (namely yield from and concurrent.futures) that could help implement parallel processing. The clear separation of bytes and unicode strings is also likely to reduce encoding related issues. Mattia Rizolo thus kicked the effort of porting diffoscope to Python 3. tlsh was the only dependency missing a Python 3 module. This got quickly fixed by a new upload. The rest of the code has been moved to the point where only incompatibilities between Python 2.7 and Pyhon 3.4 had to be changed. The commit stream still require some cleanups but all tests are now passing under Python 3. Documentation update The documentation on how to assemble the weekly reports has been updated. (Lunar) The example on how to use SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH with CMake has been improved. (Ben Beockel, Daniel Kahn Gillmor) The solution for timestamps in man pages generated by Sphinx now uses SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH. (Mattia Rizzolo) Package reviews 45 reviews have been removed, 141 added and 62 updated this week. 67 new FTBFS reports have been filled by Chris Lamb, Niko Tyni, and Lisandro Dami n Nicanor P rez Meyer. New issues added this week: randomness_in_r_rdb_rds_databases, python-ply_compiled_parse_tables. Misc. The prebuilder script is now properly testing umask variations again. Santiago Villa started a discussion on debian-devel on how binNMUs would work for reproducible builds.

04 September 2015

Guido G nther: Debian work in August 2015

Debian LTS August was the fourth month I contributed to Debian LTS under the Freexian umbrella. In total I spent four hours working on: Besides that I did CVE triaging of 9 CVEs to check if and how they affect oldoldstable security as part of my LTS front desk work. Debconf 15 was a great opportunity to meet some of the other LTS contributors in person and to work on some of my packages: Git-buildpackage git-buildpackage gained buildpackage-rpm based on the work by Markus Lehtonnen and merging of mock support is hopefully around the corner. Debconf had two gbp skill shares hosted by dkg and a BoF by myself. A summary is here. Integration with dgit as (discussed with Ian) looks doable and I have parts of that on my todo list as well. Among other things gbp import-orig gained a --merge-mode option so you can replace the upstream branches verbatim on your packaging branch but keep the contents of the debian/ directory. Libvirt I prepared an update for libvirt in Jessie fixing a crasher bug, QEMU error reporting. apparmor support now works out of the box in Jessie (thanks to intrigeri and Felix Geyer for that). Speaking of apparmor I learned enough at Debconf to use this now by default so we hopefully see less breackage in this area when new libvirt versions hit the archive. The bug count wen't down quiet a bit and we have a new version of virt-manager in unstable now as well. As usual I prepared the RC candidates of libvirt 1.2.19 in experimental and 1.2.19 final is now in unstable.

20 June 2015

Lunar: Reproducible builds: week 4 in Stretch cycle

What happened about the reproducible builds effort for this week: Toolchain fixes Lunar rebased our custom dpkg on the new release, removing a now unneeded patch identified by Guillem Jover. An extra sort in the buildinfo generator prevented a stable order and was quickly fixed once identified. Mattia Rizzolo also rebased our custom debhelper on the latest release. Packages fixed The following 30 packages became reproducible due to changes in their build dependencies: animal-sniffer, asciidoctor, autodock-vina, camping, cookie-monster, downthemall, flashblock, gamera, httpcomponents-core, https-finder, icedove-l10n, istack-commons, jdeb, libmodule-build-perl, libur-perl, livehttpheaders, maven-dependency-plugin, maven-ejb-plugin, mozilla-noscript, nosquint, requestpolicy, ruby-benchmark-ips, ruby-benchmark-suite, ruby-expression-parser, ruby-github-markup, ruby-http-connection, ruby-settingslogic, ruby-uuidtools, webkit2gtk, wot. The following packages became reproducible after getting fixed: Some uploads fixed some reproducibility issues but not all of them: Patches submitted which did not make their way to the archive yet: Also, the following bugs have been reported: reproducible.debian.net Holger Levsen made several small bug fixes and a few more visible changes: strip-nondeterminism Version 0.007-1 of strip-nondeterminism the tool to post-process various file formats to normalize them has been uploaded by Holger Levsen. Version 0.006-1 was already in the reproducible repository, the new version mainly improve the detection of Maven's pom.properties files. debbindiff development At the request of Emmanuel Bourg, Reiner Herrmann added a comparator for Java .class files. Documentation update Christoph Berg created a new page for the timestamps in manpages created by Doxygen. Package reviews 93 obsolete reviews have been removed, 76 added and 43 updated this week. New identified issues: timestamps in manpages generated by Doxygen, modification time differences in files extracted by unzip, tstamp task used in Ant build.xml, timestamps in documentation generated by ASDocGen. The description for build id related issues has been clarified. Meetings Holger Levsen announced a first meeting on Wednesday, June 3rd, 2015, 19:00 UTC. The agenda is amendable on the wiki. Misc. Lunar worked on a proof-of-concept script to import the build environment found in .buildinfo files to UDD. Lucas Nussbaum has positively reviewed the proposed schema. Holger Levsen cleaned up various experimental toolchain repositories, marking merged brances as such.

Lunar: Reproducible builds: week 5 in Stretch cycle

What happened about the reproducible builds effort for this week: Toolchain fixes Uploads that should help other packages: Patch submitted for toolchain issues: Some discussions have been started in Debian and with upstream: Packages fixed The following 8 packages became reproducible due to changes in their build dependencies: access-modifier-checker, apache-log4j2, jenkins-xstream, libsdl-perl, maven-shared-incremental, ruby-pygments.rb, ruby-wikicloth, uimaj. The following packages became reproducible after getting fixed: Some uploads fixed some reproducibility issues but not all of them: Patches submitted which did not make their way to the archive yet: Discussions that have been started: reproducible.debian.net Holger Levsen added two new package sets: pkg-javascript-devel and pkg-php-pear. The list of packages with and without notes are now sorted by age of the latest build. Mattia Rizzolo added support for email notifications so that maintainers can be warned when a package becomes unreproducible. Please ask Mattia or Holger or in the #debian-reproducible IRC channel if you want to be notified for your packages! strip-nondeterminism development Andrew Ayer fixed the gzip handler so that it skip adding a predetermined timestamp when there was none. Documentation update Lunar added documentation about mtimes of file extracted using unzip being timezone dependent. He also wrote a short example on how to test reproducibility. Stephen Kitt updated the documentation about timestamps in PE binaries. Documentation and scripts to perform weekly reports were published by Lunar. Package reviews 50 obsolete reviews have been removed, 51 added and 29 updated this week. Thanks Chris West and Mathieu Bridon amongst others. New identified issues: Misc. Lunar will be talking (in French) about reproducible builds at Pas Sage en Seine on June 19th, at 15:00 in Paris. Meeting will happen this Wednesday, 19:00 UTC.

17 May 2015

Lunar: Reproducible builds: week 2 in Stretch cycle

What happened about the reproducible builds effort for this week: Media coverage Debian's effort on reproducible builds has been covered in the June 2015 issue of Linux Magazin in Germany. Cover of Linux Magazin June 2015 Article about reproducible builds in Linux Magazin June 2015 Toolchain fixes josch rebased the experimental version of debhelper on 9.20150507. Packages fixed The following 515 packages became reproducible due to changes of their build dependencies: airport-utils, airspy-host, all-in-one-sidebar, ampache, aptfs, arpack, asciio, aspell-kk, asused, balance, batmand, binutils-avr, bioperl, bpm-tools, c2050, cakephp-instaweb, carton, cbp2make, checkbot, checksecurity, chemeq, chronicle, cube2-data, cucumber, darkstat, debci, desktop-file-utils, dh-linktree, django-pagination, dosbox, eekboek, emboss-explorer, encfs, exabgp, fbasics, fife, fonts-lexi-saebom, gdnsd, glances, gnome-clocks, gunicorn, haproxy, haskell-aws, haskell-base-unicode-symbols, haskell-base64-bytestring, haskell-basic-prelude, haskell-binary-shared, haskell-binary, haskell-bitarray, haskell-bool-extras, haskell-boolean, haskell-boomerang, haskell-bytestring-lexing, haskell-bytestring-mmap, haskell-config-value, haskell-mueval, haskell-tasty-kat, itk3, jnr-constants, jshon, kalternatives, kdepim-runtime, kdevplatform, kwalletcli, lemonldap-ng, libalgorithm-combinatorics-perl, libalgorithm-diff-xs-perl, libany-uri-escape-perl, libanyevent-http-scopedclient-perl, libanyevent-perl, libanyevent-processor-perl, libapache-session-wrapper-perl, libapache-sessionx-perl, libapp-options-perl, libarch-perl, libarchive-peek-perl, libaudio-flac-header-perl, libaudio-wav-perl, libaudio-wma-perl, libauth-yubikey-decrypter-perl, libauthen-krb5-simple-perl, libauthen-simple-perl, libautobox-dump-perl, libb-keywords-perl, libbarcode-code128-perl, libbio-das-lite-perl, libbio-mage-perl, libbrowser-open-perl, libbusiness-creditcard-perl, libbusiness-edifact-interchange-perl, libbusiness-isbn-data-perl, libbusiness-tax-vat-validation-perl, libcache-historical-perl, libcache-memcached-perl, libcairo-gobject-perl, libcarp-always-perl, libcarp-fix-1-25-perl, libcatalyst-action-serialize-data-serializer-perl, libcatalyst-controller-formbuilder-perl, libcatalyst-dispatchtype-regex-perl, libcatalyst-plugin-authentication-perl, libcatalyst-plugin-authorization-acl-perl, libcatalyst-plugin-session-store-cache-perl, libcatalyst-plugin-session-store-fastmmap-perl, libcatalyst-plugin-static-simple-perl, libcatalyst-view-gd-perl, libcgi-application-dispatch-perl, libcgi-application-plugin-authentication-perl, libcgi-application-plugin-logdispatch-perl, libcgi-application-plugin-session-perl, libcgi-application-server-perl, libcgi-compile-perl, libcgi-xmlform-perl, libclass-accessor-classy-perl, libclass-accessor-lvalue-perl, libclass-accessor-perl, libclass-c3-adopt-next-perl, libclass-dbi-plugin-type-perl, libclass-field-perl, libclass-handle-perl, libclass-load-perl, libclass-ooorno-perl, libclass-prototyped-perl, libclass-returnvalue-perl, libclass-singleton-perl, libclass-std-fast-perl, libclone-perl, libconfig-auto-perl, libconfig-jfdi-perl, libconfig-simple-perl, libconvert-basen-perl, libconvert-ber-perl, libcpan-checksums-perl, libcpanplus-dist-build-perl, libcriticism-perl, libcrypt-cracklib-perl, libcrypt-dh-gmp-perl, libcrypt-mysql-perl, libcrypt-passwdmd5-perl, libcrypt-simple-perl, libcss-packer-perl, libcss-tiny-perl, libcurses-widgets-perl, libdaemon-control-perl, libdancer-plugin-database-perl, libdancer-session-cookie-perl, libdancer2-plugin-database-perl, libdata-format-html-perl, libdata-uuid-libuuid-perl, libdata-validate-domain-perl, libdate-jd-perl, libdate-simple-perl, libdatetime-astro-sunrise-perl, libdatetime-event-cron-perl, libdatetime-format-dbi-perl, libdatetime-format-epoch-perl, libdatetime-format-mail-perl, libdatetime-tiny-perl, libdatrie, libdb-file-lock-perl, libdbd-firebird-perl, libdbix-abstract-perl, libdbix-class-datetime-epoch-perl, libdbix-class-dynamicdefault-perl, libdbix-class-introspectablem2m-perl, libdbix-class-timestamp-perl, libdbix-connector-perl, libdbix-oo-perl, libdbix-searchbuilder-perl, libdbix-xml-rdb-perl, libdevel-stacktrace-ashtml-perl, libdigest-hmac-perl, libdist-zilla-plugin-emailnotify-perl, libemail-date-format-perl, libemail-mime-perl, libemail-received-perl, libemail-sender-perl, libemail-simple-perl, libencode-detect-perl, libexporter-tidy-perl, libextutils-cchecker-perl, libextutils-installpaths-perl, libextutils-libbuilder-perl, libextutils-makemaker-cpanfile-perl, libextutils-typemap-perl, libfile-counterfile-perl, libfile-pushd-perl, libfile-read-perl, libfile-touch-perl, libfile-type-perl, libfinance-bank-ie-permanenttsb-perl, libfont-freetype-perl, libfrontier-rpc-perl, libgd-securityimage-perl, libgeo-coordinates-utm-perl, libgit-pureperl-perl, libgnome2-canvas-perl, libgnome2-wnck-perl, libgraph-readwrite-perl, libgraphics-colornames-www-perl, libgssapi-perl, libgtk2-appindicator-perl, libgtk2-gladexml-simple-perl, libgtk2-notify-perl, libhash-asobject-perl, libhash-moreutils-perl, libhtml-calendarmonthsimple-perl, libhtml-display-perl, libhtml-fillinform-perl, libhtml-form-perl, libhtml-formhandler-model-dbic-perl, libhtml-html5-entities-perl, libhtml-linkextractor-perl, libhtml-tableextract-perl, libhtml-widget-perl, libhtml-widgets-selectlayers-perl, libhtml-wikiconverter-mediawiki-perl, libhttp-async-perl, libhttp-body-perl, libhttp-date-perl, libimage-imlib2-perl, libimdb-film-perl, libimport-into-perl, libindirect-perl, libio-bufferedselect-perl, libio-compress-lzma-perl, libio-compress-perl, libio-handle-util-perl, libio-interface-perl, libio-multiplex-perl, libio-socket-inet6-perl, libipc-system-simple-perl, libiptables-chainmgr-perl, libjoda-time-java, libjsr305-java, libkiokudb-perl, liblemonldap-ng-cli-perl, liblexical-var-perl, liblingua-en-fathom-perl, liblinux-dvb-perl, liblocales-perl, liblog-dispatch-configurator-any-perl, liblog-log4perl-perl, liblog-report-lexicon-perl, liblwp-mediatypes-perl, liblwp-protocol-https-perl, liblwpx-paranoidagent-perl, libmail-sendeasy-perl, libmarc-xml-perl, libmason-plugin-routersimple-perl, libmasonx-processdir-perl, libmath-base85-perl, libmath-basecalc-perl, libmath-basecnv-perl, libmath-bigint-perl, libmath-convexhull-perl, libmath-gmp-perl, libmath-gradient-perl, libmath-random-isaac-perl, libmath-random-oo-perl, libmath-random-tt800-perl, libmath-tamuanova-perl, libmemoize-expirelru-perl, libmemoize-memcached-perl, libmime-base32-perl, libmime-lite-tt-perl, libmixin-extrafields-param-perl, libmock-quick-perl, libmodule-cpanfile-perl, libmodule-load-conditional-perl, libmodule-starter-pbp-perl, libmodule-util-perl, libmodule-versions-report-perl, libmongodbx-class-perl, libmoo-perl, libmoosex-app-cmd-perl, libmoosex-attributehelpers-perl, libmoosex-blessed-reconstruct-perl, libmoosex-insideout-perl, libmoosex-relatedclassroles-perl, libmoosex-role-timer-perl, libmoosex-role-withoverloading-perl, libmoosex-storage-perl, libmoosex-types-common-perl, libmoosex-types-uri-perl, libmoox-singleton-perl, libmoox-types-mooselike-numeric-perl, libmousex-foreign-perl, libmp3-tag-perl, libmysql-diff-perl, libnamespace-clean-perl, libnet-bonjour-perl, libnet-cli-interact-perl, libnet-daap-dmap-perl, libnet-dbus-glib-perl, libnet-dns-perl, libnet-frame-perl, libnet-google-authsub-perl, libnet-https-any-perl, libnet-https-nb-perl, libnet-idn-encode-perl, libnet-idn-nameprep-perl, libnet-imap-client-perl, libnet-irc-perl, libnet-mac-vendor-perl, libnet-openid-server-perl, libnet-smtp-ssl-perl, libnet-smtp-tls-perl, libnet-smtpauth-perl, libnet-snpp-perl, libnet-sslglue-perl, libnet-telnet-perl, libnhgri-blastall-perl, libnumber-range-perl, libobject-signature-perl, libogg-vorbis-header-pureperl-perl, libopenoffice-oodoc-perl, libparse-cpan-packages-perl, libparse-debian-packages-perl, libparse-fixedlength-perl, libparse-syslog-perl, libparse-win32registry-perl, libpdf-create-perl, libpdf-report-perl, libperl-destruct-level-perl, libperl-metrics-simple-perl, libperl-minimumversion-perl, libperl6-slurp-perl, libpgobject-simple-perl, libplack-middleware-fixmissingbodyinredirect-perl, libplack-test-externalserver-perl, libplucene-perl, libpod-tests-perl, libpoe-component-client-ping-perl, libpoe-component-jabber-perl, libpoe-component-resolver-perl, libpoe-component-server-soap-perl, libpoe-component-syndicator-perl, libposix-strftime-compiler-perl, libposix-strptime-perl, libpostscript-simple-perl, libproc-processtable-perl, libprotocol-osc-perl, librcs-perl, libreadonly-xs-perl, libreturn-multilevel-perl, librivescript-perl, librouter-simple-perl, librrd-simple-perl, libsafe-isa-perl, libscope-guard-perl, libsemver-perl, libset-tiny-perl, libsharyanto-file-util-perl, libshell-command-perl, libsnmp-info-perl, libsoap-lite-perl, libstat-lsmode-perl, libstatistics-online-perl, libstring-compare-constanttime-perl, libstring-format-perl, libstring-toidentifier-en-perl, libstring-tt-perl, libsub-recursive-perl, libsvg-tt-graph-perl, libsvn-notify-perl, libswish-api-common-perl, libtap-formatter-junit-perl, libtap-harness-archive-perl, libtemplate-plugin-number-format-perl, libtemplate-plugin-yaml-perl, libtemplate-tiny-perl, libtenjin-perl, libterm-visual-perl, libtest-block-perl, libtest-carp-perl, libtest-classapi-perl, libtest-cmd-perl, libtest-consistentversion-perl, libtest-data-perl, libtest-databaserow-perl, libtest-differences-perl, libtest-file-sharedir-perl, libtest-hasversion-perl, libtest-kwalitee-perl, libtest-lectrotest-perl, libtest-module-used-perl, libtest-object-perl, libtest-perl-critic-perl, libtest-pod-coverage-perl, libtest-script-perl, libtest-script-run-perl, libtest-spelling-perl, libtest-strict-perl, libtest-synopsis-perl, libtest-trap-perl, libtest-unit-perl, libtest-utf8-perl, libtest-without-module-perl, libtest-www-selenium-perl, libtest-xml-simple-perl, libtest-yaml-perl, libtex-encode-perl, libtext-bibtex-perl, libtext-csv-encoded-perl, libtext-csv-perl, libtext-dhcpleases-perl, libtext-diff-perl, libtext-quoted-perl, libtext-trac-perl, libtext-vfile-asdata-perl, libthai, libthread-conveyor-perl, libthread-sigmask-perl, libtie-cphash-perl, libtie-ical-perl, libtime-stopwatch-perl, libtk-dirselect-perl, libtk-pod-perl, libtorrent, libturpial, libunicode-japanese-perl, libunicode-maputf8-perl, libunicode-stringprep-perl, libuniversal-isa-perl, libuniversal-moniker-perl, liburi-encode-perl, libvi-quickfix-perl, libvideo-capture-v4l-perl, libvideo-fourcc-info-perl, libwiki-toolkit-plugin-rss-reader-perl, libwww-mechanize-formfiller-perl, libwww-mechanize-gzip-perl, libwww-mechanize-perl, libwww-opensearch-perl, libx11-freedesktop-desktopentry-perl, libxc, libxml-dtdparser-perl, libxml-easy-perl, libxml-handler-trees-perl, libxml-libxml-iterator-perl, libxml-libxslt-perl, libxml-rss-perl, libxml-validator-schema-perl, libxml-xpathengine-perl, libxml-xql-perl, llvm-py, madbomber, makefs, mdpress, media-player-info, meta-kde-telepathy, metamonger, mmm-mode, mupen64plus-audio-sdl, mupen64plus-rsp-hle, mupen64plus-ui-console, mupen64plus-video-z64, mussort, newpid, node-formidable, node-github-url-from-git, node-transformers, nsnake, odin, otcl, parsley, pax, pcsc-perl, pd-purepd, pen, prank, proj, proot, puppet-module-puppetlabs-postgresql, python-async, python-pysnmp4, qrencode, r-bioc-graph, r-bioc-hypergraph, r-bioc-iranges, r-bioc-xvector, r-cran-pscl, rbenv, rlinetd, rs, ruby-ascii85, ruby-cutest, ruby-ejs, ruby-factory-girl, ruby-hdfeos5, ruby-kpeg, ruby-libxml, ruby-password, ruby-zip-zip, sdl-sound1.2, stterm, systemd, taktuk, tcc, tryton-modules-account-invoice, ttf-summersby, tupi, tuxpuck, unknown-horizons, unsafe-mock, vcheck, versiontools, vim-addon-manager, vlfeat, vsearch, xacobeo, xen-tools, yubikey-personalization-gui, yubikey-personalization. The following packages became reproducible after getting fixed: Some uploads fixed some reproducibility issues but not all of them: Patches submitted which did not make their way to the archive yet: reproducible.debian.net Alioth now hosts a script that can be used to redo builds and test for a package. This was preliminary done manually through requests over the IRC channel. This should reduce the number of interruptions for jenkins' maintainers The graph of the oldest build per day has been fixed. Maintainance scripts will not error out when they are no files to remove. Holger Levsen started work on being able to test variations of CPU features and build date (as in build in another month of 1984) by using virtual machines. debbindiff development Version 18 has been released. It will uses proper comparators for pk3 and info files. Tar member names are now assumed to be UTF-8 encoded. The limit for the maximum number of different lines has been removed. Let's see on reproducible.debian.net how it goes for pathological cases. It's now possible to specify both --html and --text output. When neither of them is specified, the default will be to print a text report on the standard output (thanks to Paul Wise for the suggestion). Documentation update Nicolas Boulenguez investigated Ada libraries. Package reviews 451 obsolete reviews have been removed and 156 added this week. New identified issues: running kernel version getting captured, random filenames in GHC debug symbols, and timestamps in headers generated by qdbusxml2cpp. Misc. Holger Levsen went to re:publica and talked about reproducible builds to developers and users there. Holger also had a chance to meet FreeBSD developers and discuss the status of FreeBSD. Investigations have started on how it could be made part of our current test system. Laurent Guerby gave Lunar access to systems in the GCC Compile Farm. Hopefully access to these powerful machines will help to fix packages for GCC, Iceweasel, and similar packages requiring long build times.

04 May 2015

Lunar: Reproducible builds: first week in Stretch cycle

Debian Jessie has been released on April 25th, 2015. This has opened the Stretch development cycle. Reactions to the idea of making Debian build reproducibly have been pretty enthusiastic. As the pace is now likely to be even faster, let's see if we can keep everyone up-to-date on the developments. Before the release of Jessie The story goes back a long way but a formal announcement to the project has only been sent in February 2015. Since then, too much work has happened to make a complete report, but to give some highlights: Lunar did a pretty improvised lightning talk during the Mini-DebConf in Lyon. This past week It seems changes were pilling behind the curtains given the amount of activity that happened in just one week. Toolchain fixes We also rebased the experimental version of debhelper twice to merge the latest set of changes. Lunar submitted a patch to add a -creation-date to genisoimage. Reiner Herrmann opened #783938 to request making -notimestamp the default behavior for javadoc. Juan Picca submitted a patch to add a --use-date flag to texi2html. Packages fixed The following packages became reproducible due to changes of their build dependencies: apport, batctl, cil, commons-math3, devscripts, disruptor, ehcache, ftphs, gtk2hs-buildtools, haskell-abstract-deque, haskell-abstract-par, haskell-acid-state, haskell-adjunctions, haskell-aeson, haskell-aeson-pretty, haskell-alut, haskell-ansi-terminal, haskell-async, haskell-attoparsec, haskell-augeas, haskell-auto-update, haskell-binary-conduit, haskell-hscurses, jsch, ledgersmb, libapache2-mod-auth-mellon, libarchive-tar-wrapper-perl, libbusiness-onlinepayment-payflowpro-perl, libcapture-tiny-perl, libchi-perl, libcommons-codec-java, libconfig-model-itself-perl, libconfig-model-tester-perl, libcpan-perl-releases-perl, libcrypt-unixcrypt-perl, libdatetime-timezone-perl, libdbd-firebird-perl, libdbix-class-resultset-recursiveupdate-perl, libdbix-profile-perl, libdevel-cover-perl, libdevel-ptkdb-perl, libfile-tail-perl, libfinance-quote-perl, libformat-human-bytes-perl, libgtk2-perl, libhibernate-validator-java, libimage-exiftool-perl, libjson-perl, liblinux-prctl-perl, liblog-any-perl, libmail-imapclient-perl, libmocked-perl, libmodule-build-xsutil-perl, libmodule-extractuse-perl, libmodule-signature-perl, libmoosex-simpleconfig-perl, libmoox-handlesvia-perl, libnet-frame-layer-ipv6-perl, libnet-openssh-perl, libnumber-format-perl, libobject-id-perl, libpackage-pkg-perl, libpdf-fdf-simple-perl, libpod-webserver-perl, libpoe-component-pubsub-perl, libregexp-grammars-perl, libreply-perl, libscalar-defer-perl, libsereal-encoder-perl, libspreadsheet-read-perl, libspring-java, libsql-abstract-more-perl, libsvn-class-perl, libtemplate-plugin-gravatar-perl, libterm-progressbar-perl, libterm-shellui-perl, libtest-dir-perl, libtest-log4perl-perl, libtext-context-eitherside-perl, libtime-warp-perl, libtree-simple-perl, libwww-shorten-simple-perl, libwx-perl-processstream-perl, libxml-filter-xslt-perl, libxml-writer-string-perl, libyaml-tiny-perl, mupen64plus-core, nmap, openssl, pkg-perl-tools, quodlibet, r-cran-rjags, r-cran-rjson, r-cran-sn, r-cran-statmod, ruby-nokogiri, sezpoz, skksearch, slurm-llnl, stellarium. The following packages became reproducible after getting fixed: Some uploads fixed some reproducibility issues but not all of them: Patches submitted which did not make their way to the archive yet: Improvements to reproducible.debian.net Mattia Rizzolo has been working on compressing logs using gzip to save disk space. The web server would uncompress them on-the-fly for clients which does not accept gzip content. Mattia Rizzolo worked on a new page listing various breakage: missing or bad debbindiff output, missing build logs, unavailable build dependencies. Holger Levsen added a new execution environment to run debbindiff using dependencies from testing. This is required for packages built with GHC as the compiler only understands interfaces built by the same version. debbindiff development Version 17 has been uploaded to unstable. It now supports comparing ISO9660 images, dictzip files and should compare identical files much faster. Documentation update Various small updates and fixes to the pages about PDF produced by LaTeX, DVI produced by LaTeX, static libraries, Javadoc, PE binaries, and Epydoc. Package reviews Known issues have been tagged when known to be deterministic as some might unfortunately not show up on every single build. For example, two new issues have been identified by building with one timezone in April and one in May. RD and help2man add current month and year to the documentation they are producing. 1162 packages have been removed and 774 have been added in the past week. Most of them are the work of proper automated investigation done by Chris West. Summer of code Finally, we learned that both akira and Dhole were accepted for this Google Summer of Code. Let's welcome them! They have until May 25th before coding officialy begins. Now is the good time to help them feel more comfortable by sharing all these little bits of knowledge on how Debian works.

09 March 2015

Ulrike Uhlig: Final report from the Outreach Program round 9

Between december 9th 2014 and march 9th 2015 I ve been working as an intern for Debian on Improving AppArmor support in Debian. Progress Before the internship started, I had no clue about AppArmor at all. Reading the Wikipedia page and the AppArmor wiki did barely enlighten me. At least, until I got my hands dirty and installed and activated it. I was able to do this only because there was already some basic documentation on the Debian wiki on how to get AppArmor running on a Debian system. When the internship started I felt a little bit lost. I started to read the documentation and to play around with some AppArmor profiles. But the error messages I saw and the profiles I opened for reading overwhelmed me. What did all these lines mean? Then one mentor briefed me about the current status of AppArmor in Debian. I took many notes and tried to bring some order into the information I was being given. These notes became the first page of the documentation and my first blog post.
Surprise: suddenly I was in the middle of knowing what we were talking about and how the next few weeks would look like. To start with, I have set up a test environment and continued to test some of the profiles which came with the packages I had installed, namely apparmor-profiles-extra which provided me with a profile for Pidgin. I was very much interested in securing this several thousand lines long C-code application on my machine! As a Pidgin user, I noticed immediately that one of my favourite features pidgin blinklight threw an error in the logs. I tried to fix it on my test VM and eventually made it work. Now knowing that such fixes should first be done upstream, i cloned the corresponding upstream repository and sent my first patch. It was not easy at first to switch to another VCS than Git, although I had been using Bazaar and Subversion years ago. Shortly afterwards, I saw my patch showing up on the upstream mailing list, and some days later it got merged. That was a huge encouragement. I was now able to write more documentation on how to contribute upstream. In order to organize the documentation, we ve set up some User Stories. I did not know about this tool before and had quite a hard time to grasp all the details but it proved to be very useful as some pages started to become long and confusing. Writing the documentation took up a lot of time, but before being able to write anything down, I needed to work everything out! This way I incidentally learned how to interact with many parts of Debian s infrastructure: While playing around with the tools provided to inspect AppArmor status on the system, I even accidentally found a little bug in one of the upstream tools. It got fixed very quickly after I mentioned it on the AppArmor team s mailing list. Organization Although I was uncomfortable with this in the beginning, we organized public meetings every two weeks on IRC. These meetings were also attended by MeetBot who took care of taking notes and leaving a trace of our discussions.
Based on the meetings, I maintained a progress page and todo list on the Debian wiki, which helped us to know which tasks were planned for the next two weeks. Before each meeting I sent a status update to the mailing list, so the mentors could catch up with my work. During the meetings I was not only asked to provide feedback on progress but also on mentoring itself. It proved to be very useful to be able to say where I was stuck and if the mentoring process worked out well enough (it did!).
Furthermore, I got regular, detailed and pedantic (thanks for trying to push me to perfection!) feedback on the team s mailing list. The mentors had introduced me on the upstream IRC channel in the beginning, so most of the people who are active there knew about my existence, something which also proved to be handy! Future The internship time is over, but some work remains to be done. As a new member of the AppArmor Packaging team, I am committed to make it happen: Thanks I feel much more confident after these three months, technically but also personally. Thank you: Holger Levsen and intrigeri for mentoring and encouraging me on this journey and to upstream contributors Christian Boltz, Steve Beattie (and everybody else I might forget here) for providing help and feedback. The Debian community (OPW organizers, sponsors, Alioth maintainers, planet.debian.org maintainers although my posts don t show up anymore :( -and others) has been very friendly and welcoming and I am very happy to be part of it.

17 August 2011

Joey Hess: summer trips wrapup

Finally back from a solid month away. For the past three days I've been coding, which feels good after all that time away.